리눅스 종류 확인, 리눅스 버전 확인

리눅스 종류 확인하기
리눅스 버전 확인하기
리눅스 배포판 확인하기

1 개요[편집]

2 배포판 버전 확인[편집]

2.1 방법 1: /etc/*-release[편집]

명령어
grep . /etc/*-release
cat /etc/*-release | uniq
실행예시 (Ubuntu 14.04.3)
root@zetawiki:~# grep . /etc/*-release
/etc/lsb-release:DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
/etc/lsb-release:DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04
/etc/lsb-release:DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty
/etc/lsb-release:DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS"
/etc/os-release:NAME="Ubuntu"
/etc/os-release:VERSION="14.04.3 LTS, Trusty Tahr"
/etc/os-release:ID=ubuntu
/etc/os-release:ID_LIKE=debian
/etc/os-release:PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS"
/etc/os-release:VERSION_ID="14.04"
/etc/os-release:HOME_URL="http://www.ubuntu.com/"
/etc/os-release:SUPPORT_URL="http://help.ubuntu.com/"
/etc/os-release:BUG_REPORT_URL="http://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"
실행예시 (CentOS 6.5)
[root@zetawiki ~]# grep . /etc/*-release
/etc/centos-release:CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
/etc/lsb-release:LSB_VERSION=base-4.0-amd64:base-4.0-noarch:core-4.0-amd64:core-4.0-noarch:graphics-4.0-amd64:graphics-4.0-noarch:printing-4.0-amd64:printing-4.0-noarch
/etc/redhat-release:CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
/etc/system-release:CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
실행예시 (Fedora 11 Leonidas)
[root@zetawiki ~]# cat /etc/*-release | uniq
Fedora release 11 (Leonidas)
실행예시 (Oracle Enterprise Linux Server 5.5)
[root@zetawiki ~]# cat /etc/*-release | uniq
Enterprise Linux Enterprise Linux Server release 5.5 (Carthage)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.5 (Tikanga)
실행예시 (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11)
zetawiki:~ # cat /etc/*-release | uniq
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86_64)
VERSION = 11
PATCHLEVEL = 1
LSB_VERSION="core-2.0-noarch:core-3.2-noarch:core-4.0-noarch:core-2.0-x86_64:core-3.2-x86_64:core-4.0-x86_64"

2.2 방법 2: /etc/issue*[편집]

명령어
grep . /etc/issue*
  • 배포판의 버전을 가장 쉽게 확인할 수 있는 방법이다.
  • 보안 등의 이유로 다른 내용으로 바뀌어 있는 경우도 있다.
실행예시 (Ubuntu 14.04.3)
root@zetawiki:~# grep . /etc/issue*
/etc/issue:Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS \n \l
/etc/issue.net:Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS
실행예시 (CentOS 6.5)
[root@zetawiki ~]# grep . /etc/issue*
/etc/issue:CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
/etc/issue:Kernel \r on an \m
/etc/issue.net:CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
/etc/issue.net:Kernel \r on an \m
실행예시 (Fedora 11)
[root@zetawiki ~]# cat /etc/issue
Fedora release 11 (Leonidas)
Kernel \r on an \m (\l)
실행예시 (Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.5)
[root@zetawiki ~]# cat /etc/issue
Enterprise Linux Enterprise Linux Server release 5.5 (Carthage)
Kernel \r on an \m
실행예시 (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11)
zetawiki:~ # cat /etc/issue

Welcome to SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1  (x86_64) - Kernel \r (\l).

2.3 방법 3: rpm (레드햇계열)[편집]

rpm -qa *-release
실행예시 (CentOS 6.2)
[root@zetawiki ~]# rpm -qa *-release
centos-release-6-2.el6.centos.7.x86_64
실행예시 (Fedora 11 Leonidas)
[root@zetawiki ~]# rpm -qa *-release
fedora-release-11-1.noarch
실행예시 (Oracle Enterprise Linux Server 5.5)
[root@zetawiki ~]# rpm -qa *-release
enterprise-release-5-0.0.22
실행예시 (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11)
zetawiki:~ # rpm -qa *-release
sles-release-11.1-1.152
lsb-release-2.0-1.2.18

3 같이 보기[편집]

4 주석[편집]

  1. 리눅스 서버관리 실무 바이블 3.0 p.89